Get the latest state info.

Minimum wage updates are projected to become effective Jan. 1, 2023, for 26 states and the territory of Puerto Rico, with some state minimum wage increases potentially becoming effective later in the year. Is your state one of them?

For that information, plus tax rates and more, scroll down to find all the changes that will affect your business this year.

Graphic of 2023 Quick Wage & Tax Guide written around graphical shapes and a stock photo of a man looking at paperwork

Federal Wage & Tax Rates

Social Security’s Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program limits the number of earnings subject to taxation for a given year. This limit is adjusted each year with changes in the national average wage index. This annual limit is called the contribution and benefit base.

For earnings in 2023, the Social Security taxable wage base is $160,200.

FICA | Social Security (OASDI Only)
Social Security Taxable Wage Base per Employee   $160,200
Employer Tax Rate for Social Security   6.2%
Employee Tax Rate for Social Security   6.2%
FICA | Medicare (Hospital Insurance Only)
Medicare Taxable Wage Base per Employee   No Limit
Employer and Employee Tax Rate for Medicare   1.45%
Additional Tax on Earning > $200k   0.9%
FUTA | Federal Unemployment Tax Act
FUTA Taxable Wage Base per Employee   $7,000
Employer Net Tax Rate   6.0%
Federal Minimum wage Rates*
Minimum Wage   $7.25
Tipped Employee: Minimum Wage   $2.13
Tip Credit (Max.)   $5.12

*Please note some states have minimum wages that are higher than federal rates. For information on state minimum wage rates, click here to view the DOL’s website.

Pension Plan Limits

The federal government sets dollar limits as to how much an employee can contribute to their company’s qualified retirement plan each tax year. These limits are based on the cost-of-living index. If an employee reaches the age of 50 during the current tax year, they will qualify for the “Catch-Up Provision” only if it is an established provision of the company’s 401(k) plan.

Some of these limits have been updated from 2023.

  Standard ‘Catch-Up’ Provision
401(k) Limit for 2022 $22,500 $7,500
SIMPLE IRA Plan for 2022 $15,500 $3,500


*Disclaimer: Please note that this is not all-inclusive. Our guidance is designed only to give general information on the issues actually covered. It is not intended to be a comprehensive summary of all laws which may be applicable to your situation, treat exhaustively the subjects covered, provide legal advice, or render a legal opinion. Consult your own legal advisor regarding the specific application of the information to your own plan.

*Please Note: The individual state information included in this guide is up-to-date as of Tuesday, January 24, 2023. Please refer to your state’s official website for more information and potential updates released after January 24, 2023.